Glossary

Here is a handy list of phrases you may come across on our website and elsewhere with a small explanation of their meaning . . . .

API (Application Protocol Interface)
a set of functions and procedures allowing the creation of applications that access the features or data of an operating system, application, or other service.

Barcode
a machine-readable code in the form of numbers and a pattern of parallel lines of varying widths, printed on an inventory item and used especially for stock control.

Datamatrix
a 2D (two-dimensional) barcode consisting of black and white ‘cells’ or modules arranged in a square or rectangular pattern, also known as a matrix.

EAN (European Article Number)
Instantly-recognisable, EAN/UPC barcodes are printed on virtually every consumer product in the world. They are the longest-established and most widely-used of all GS1 barcodes. The EAN/UPC barcode family has transformed the world of retail.

GTIN (Global Trade Item Numbers)
Global Trade Item Number is an identifier for trade items, developed by GS1. Such identifiers are used to look up product information in a database which may belong to a retailer, manufacturer, collector, researcher, or other entity.

GLNs (Global Location Numbers)
The GS1 Identification Key used for any location (physical, operational or legal) that needs to be identified for use in the supply chain. It is a globally unique number that can be used to access master data about a location.

IAN (International Article Number)
The International Article Number is a standard describing a barcode symbology and numbering system used in global trade to identify a specific retail product type, in a specific packaging configuration, from a specific manufacturer.

RFID (Radio Frequency Identification)
Radio-frequency identification uses electromagnetic fields to automatically identify and track tags attached to objects. The tags contain electronically-stored information. Passive tags collect energy from a nearby RFID reader’s interrogating radio waves.

QR Barcodes
Quick Response (QR) Barcodes are a type of Matrix Barcode or 2-Dimensional (2D) Barcode.

SSCC (Serial Shipping Container Code)
An 18 digit number used to identify logistics units.

UHF (Ultra High Frequency)